Since the first release of EyeWitness, the tool has supported input formats of both text files, and XML output from Nessus and Nmap. There’s two main ways to parse XML, the Document Object Model (DOM) and Simple API for XML Parsing (SAX). The main difference is when using DOM to parse XML, the whole XML document is loaded into memory and analyzed. SAX is essentially a stream based parser and loads small pieces of the XML in memory at a time. DOM is faster at parsing XML since the entire file is loaded into memory, but this comes as a memory cost. EyeWitness has always used DOM based parsing since it is faster and I had yet to encounter a failure in parsing due to this design decision.
However, I can no longer make that claim. Viss has become my edge case (and I’m now certain that others who perform the same work/scans are as well. Also, I make this claim that he is my edge case jokingly :)). A couple months ago Viss had contacted me to let me know EyeWitness was crashing after trying to parse an XML document. This XML file was the output from (I believe) scanning the whole internet. It was a funny conversation, but showed that I needed to change how EyeWitness parses XML in order to handle these larger scans (I’m talking nearly a gig, I believe, for a single XML file).
EyeWitness has now been modified to use SAX-based XML parsing. The tradeoff is that there might be slightly longer XML parsing times, but this will ensure that EyeWitness is able to parse anything you can throw at it (until someone comes with my next edge case :)). The slightly longer parsing times for XML will likely not even be noticeable for nearly all users.
With this change, some small modifications to EyeWitness command line options have been added. Previously when you passed a file into EyeWitness, it would auto-detect if it is an XML file or text file, and parse accordingly. I’ve now separated the commands out, and you will either specify a file (with the -f flag) or an xml file (with the -x flag). This is now present within the help menu:
This change has now been pushed into the master EyeWitness branch. If you have any questions, don’t hesitate to reach out and ask (@ChrisTruncer).